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Chemistry

Elemental / phase analysis to molecular structure

Often referred to as the central science, chemistry is the scientific discipline involved with elements and compounds composed of atoms, molecules and ions: their composition, structure, properties, behavior and the changes they undergo during a reaction with other substances. The atom is the basic unit of chemistry. It consists of a dense core called the atomic nucleus surrounded by a space occupied by an electron cloud. A compound is a pure chemical substance composed of more than one element. A molecule is the smallest indivisible portion of a pure chemical substance that has its unique set of chemical properties, that is, its potential to undergo a certain set of chemical reactions with other substances. In addition to the specific chemical properties that distinguish different chemical classifications, chemicals can exist in several phases. A phase is a set of states of a chemical system that have similar bulk structural properties, over a range of conditions, such as pressure or temperature. To aid in the understanding of certain aspects of chemistry, Rigaku makes a range of X-ray fluorescence (XRF for elemental analysis) and X-ray diffraction (XRD for phase and structural analysis) instruments for both academic research and industrial applications.

Reference: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemistry

Chemistry

Rigaku recommends the following systems:


  • Benchtop tube below sequential WDXRF spectrometer analyzes O through U in solids, liquids and powders

  • Fast, flexible single crystal X-ray diffractometer with the latest generation sources and HPC X-ray detectors, perfect for any crystallography lab.

  • New 6th-generation general purpose benchtop XRD system for phase i.d and phase quantification

  • Advanced state-of-the-art high-resolution XRD system powered by Guidance expert system software

  • Highly versatile multipurpose X-ray diffractometer with built-in intelligent guidance

  • A benchtop single crystal X-ray diffractometer with the latest technology HPC X-ray detector, ideal for self-service crystallography.

  • An upgradeable single crystal X-ray diffractometer for structural analysis of small molecule samples

  • Single crystal X-ray diffractometer with high-flux microfocus rotating anode X-ray generator

  • Versatile and high-flux dual-wavelength (DW) X-ray diffractometer with HPC X-ray detector for multipurpose diffraction experiments

  • High-performance, multi-purpose XRD system for applications ranging from R&D to quality control

  • Curved imaging plate (IP) XRD system features an extremely large aperture and a choice of rotating anode or sealed tube X-ray sources

  • User-inspired data collection and data processing software for small molecule and protein crystallography.

  • Automated crystal transport, orientation and retrieval robot

  • High power, tube below, sequential WDXRF spectrometer with Smart Sample Loading System (SSLS)

  • High power, tube above, sequential WDXRF spectrometer

  • Low-cost EDXRF elemental analyzer measures Na to U in solids, liquids, powders and thin-films

  • Performance EDXRF elemental analyzer measures Na to U in solids, liquids, powders and thin-films

  • Low noise, sensitive, air-cooled X-ray detector for superior X-ray diffraction data quality

  • New variable collimator small spot 60 kV EDXRF system featuring QuantEZ software.

  • EDXRF spectrometer with powerful Windows® software and optional FP.

  • Single crystal X-ray diffractometer with custom enclosure and flexibility for easy integration of accessory components

  • High-performance, Cartesian-geometry EDXRF elemental analyzer measures Na to U in solids, liquids, powders and thin films

  • 2D X-ray detector with latest semiconductor technology designed for home lab diffractometers

  • Compact, highly sensitive X-ray detector for single crystal applications

  • A unique curved single crystal X-ray diffraction detector

  • Single wavelength Confocal Max-Flux (CMF) optics for protein crystallography

  • Dual wavelength Confocal Max-Flux (CMF) optics for single crystal X-ray diffraction

Application notes

The following application notes are relevant to this industry