Determine the three dimensional structure of matter
X-ray diffraction (XRD) is one of the most important non-destructive tools to analyze all kinds of matter—ranging from fluids, to powders and crystals. From research to production and engineering, XRD is an indispensable method for materials characterization and quality control. Rigaku has developed a range of X-ray diffractometers, in co-operation with academic and industrial users, which provide the most technically advanced, versatile and cost-effective diffraction solutions available today.
X-ray diffraction techniques are used for the identification of crystalline phases of various materials and the quantitative phase analysis subsequent to the identification. X-ray diffraction techniques are superior in elucidating the three-dimensional atomic structure of crystalline solids. The properties and functions of materials largely depend on the crystal structures. X-ray diffraction techniques have, therefore, been widely used as an indispensable means in materials research, development and production.
The Bragg equation, nλ = 2dsinθ is one of the keystones in understanding X-ray diffraction. In this equation, n is an integer, λ is the characteristic wavelength of the X-rays impinging on the crystallize sample, d is the interplanar spacing between rows of atoms, and θ is the angle of the X-ray beam with respect to these planes. When this equation is satisfied, X-rays scattered by the atoms in the plane of a periodic structure are in phase and diffraction occurs in the direction defined by the angle θ.In the simplest instance, an X-ray diffraction experiment consists of a set of diffracted intensities and the angles at which they are observed. This diffraction pattern can be thought of as a chemical fingerprint, and chemical identification can be performed by comparing this diffraction pattern to a database of known patterns.
New 6th-generation general purpose benchtop XRD system for phase i.d and phase quantification
Advanced state-of-the-art high-resolution XRD system powered by Guidance expert system software
Highly versatile multipurpose X-ray diffractometer with built-in intelligent guidance
High-performance, multi-purpose XRD system for applications ranging from R&D to quality control
World's most powerful θ/θ high-resolution X-ray diffractometer features an in-plane diffraction arm
Curved imaging plate (IP) XRD system features an extremely large aperture and a choice of rotating anode or sealed tube X-ray sources
Laboratory micro-spot XRD residual stress analysis with both iso- and side-inclination methods
Process XRR, XRF, and XRD metrology tool for blanket and patterned wafers; up to 300 mm wafers
2D X-ray detector with latest semiconductor technology designed for home lab diffractometers